Spiders. What you need to know.
Believe it or not spiders actually breath air just like us. Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and with fangs that can inject venom into their victims. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all other orders of organisms on our planet with some species having a life span of up to 25yrs.
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The Sydney Funnel-Web Spider is one of the world's most deadly spiders. Both the male and female carry atraxotoxin, one of the world's most dangerous toxins.
The Northern Tree Funnel-Web Spiders found in south-eastern Queensland and northern New South Wales are also highly venomous.
Danger time - the mature male funnel-web spider will wander around during hot humid nights, looking for a mate, and is known to enter homes, footwear, clothing, washing and swimming pools and is highly aggressive when disturbed or cornered and is able to inflict multiple bites
An anti-venom is available in most major hospitals and ambulance vehicles. First aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible, if bitten.
Spider Identification - an adult male 25 mm - female 30 mm in body length - shiny black in colour with a dark purplish brown abdomen- reddish hairs.
Unique attributes include it's long spinnerets, that is , the 2 appendages on the end of the abdomen and the male has a spur on 2 of it's legs.
The Red-Back Spider can inflict a painful bite which can be fatal, especially to the young and elderly.
About 250 people receive the anti-venom each year.
A small amount of venom can cause serious illness, as the poison attacks the nervous system usually results in headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, pyrexia, hypertension and in severe cases, paralysis.
The pain around the bite area can be excruciating. First aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible, if bitten.
Size varies greatly - the male can be tiny, with the abdomen of the female growing to the size of a large pea. Red-Back Spiders do NOT always have a "red" marking.
They can be often found in out-houses, letter boxes, undersides of seats, in rubbish, such as empty cans, in the sub floor and other dark areas. Electric lights attract their prey - moths, flies, mosquitoes and other insects.
Funnel Web Spider
Red Back Spider
Mouse Spiders are known to cause severe illness, especially to young children - similar to Red-Back Spider.
Although normally not aggressive, the male mouse spider will bite if provoked, and should be considered dangerous to humans.
It has large hard fangs which can cause a deep painful bite. First aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible.
The Mouse Spider has a medium to large spider of up to 35 mm in body length. The male Mouse Spider often has a bright red head and elongated fangs.
It is often mistaken for the Funnel-Web Spider. The main differences being the Funnel-Web has much longer spinnerets (the 2 appendages on the end of the abdomen) and the male funnel-web has a spur on it's second leg
They are ground dwellers ,often wanders about during the day after rain, in search of a mate.
They can be found Australia wide.
The bite of the Black House Spider is poisonous but not lethal.
Certain people bitten experience severe pain around the bite site, heavy sweating, muscular pains, vomiting, headaches and giddiness.
First aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible.
Adults are about 15 mm in body length and of a dark brown to black velvet textured appearance.
They spins a lacy, messy web and is prefers dry habitats in secluded locations.
It is commonly found in window framing, under eaves, gutters, in brickwork, sheds, toilets and among rocks and bark.
Electric lights attract their prey - moths, flies, mosquitoes and other insects.
They can be found Australia wide.
Black House Spider
The bite of the Wolf Spider is poisonous but not lethal.
Although non-aggressive, they bite freely if provoked and should be considered dangerous to humans.
The bite may be very painful. First aid and medical attention should be sought as soon as possible, particularly for children or the elderly.
Found Australia wide an adult is 15 mm to 30 mm in body length - mottled grey to brown in colour, with a distinct Union Jack impression on it's back.
The female carries it's young on it's back.
This spider is a ground dweller, with a burrow retreat.
It has a roving nocturnal lifestyle to hunt their prey and can move very rapidly when disturbed.
Commonly found around the home, in garden areas with a silk lined burrow, sometimes with a lid or covered by leaf litter or grass woven with silk as a little fence around the rim of the burrow.
The Trap-Door Spider bite is of low risk (non toxic) to humans.
It is a non-aggressive spider - usually timid but may stand up and present it's fangs if harassed.
Rarely bites - but if so it can be painful.
The adult is about 35 mm in body length - brown to dark brown in colour - heavily covered with fine hairs.
The male has distinct boxing glove-shaped palps, that is, the two "sensory feelers" at front of it's head.
They can be found Australia wide and is a ground dweller, with a burrow retreat lined with silk.
It prefers nesting in drier exposed locations and often has a wafer-like lid on the burrow entrance.
Trap-Door Spiders are commonly found in the drier open ground areas around the home.
Trap Door Spider
Garden Orb Weaving Spider
The bite of Orb-Weaving Spiders is of low risk (not toxic) to humans.
They are a non-aggressive group of spiders and it is seldom that they bite.
Be careful not to walk into their webs at night or you could be showing off your latest dance moves.
Particularly common in bushland along the eastern coast of Australia.
The adult is about 20 mm to 30 mm in body length - has a bulbous abdomen - often colourful - dark to light brown pattern.
The common Golden Orb-Weaver Spider has a purplish bulbous abdomen with fine hairs.
Generally they are found in summer in garden areas around the home - they spin a large circular web of 2 metres or more, often between buildings and shrubs, to snare flying insects, such as, flies and mosquitoes.
The St Andrews Cross spider is considered of low risk (non-toxic) to humans.
They are a non-aggressive spider found all over Australia.
Adults are 5 mm to 15 mm in body length - abdomen striped yellow and brown - as illustrated.
The St Andrews Cross Spider usually sits, upside down, in the middle of it's web forming a cross - as illustrated.
They are a web weaver usually found in summer in garden areas around the home.
It is considered beneficial as it spins a large web to snare flying insects, such as flies and mosquitoes.
Saint Andrew Cross Spider
The Huntsman Spiders is of low risk (non toxic) to humans.
They are a non-aggressive group of spiders.
However, a large individual can give a painful bite.
Beware in summer when the female Huntsman Spider is guarding her egg sacs or young.
Found Australia wide an adult varies greatly around 15 mm in body length - has long legs - the diameter of an adult including legs may reach upto 125 mm.
The first 2 pairs of legs are longer than rear two, hairy and beige brown in colour, with dark patches on the body.
It is a hunter that prefers to live under the flaking bark of trees, under flat rocks and under eaves or within roof spaces of buildings.
The Huntsman Spider often wanders into homes and is found perched on a wall.
It is a shy, timid spider that can move sideways at lighting-fast speed when disturbed.
The Daddy Long Legs Spider is of very low risk to humans and found right across Australia
It is often found in and around houses.
The Daddy Long Legs has long, thin legs and feed on a variety of insects and other spiders (particularly red-backs and huntsman spiders)
Their body can grow up to 1 cm and have a total length (including legs) up to 10 cm
They spin an irregular web to catch their prey.
The species commonly found in houses has been introduced to Australia, but these are closely related native spiders found in Australia.
There is a Legend that Daddy Long Legs are the most Venomous spiders in the world. This is a common misconception and probably came about due to the fact they kill and eat red-back spiders which can have a very high toxicity in humans
Daddy Long Legs Spider
If you feel you have a pest problem, or would like to book a preventative pest control treatment please contact us via email or call 0498 560 139 to arrange one of our comprehensive treatments.
Contact Affordable Pest Control Coomera today and we will take care of your Spider Pest Control Treatment